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Marthandavarma

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For Malayalam version of this article, See മാർത്താണ്ഡവർമ്മ
Marthandavarma

Author(s)

C.V. Raman Pillai

Original title

മാർ‍ത്താണ്ഡവർ‍മ്മ

Translator(s)

O. Krishna Pillai (Tamil - 1934)
B. K. Menon (English - 1936)
R. Leela Devi (English - 1979)
Kunnukuzhy Krisnankutty (Hindi - 1990 - Incomplete)
P. Padmanabhan Thampi (Tamil - 2007)

Editor

N. Raman Pillai (1981 ed.)

Country

India

Language

Malayalam

Genere(s)

Historical Novel
Historical Romance

Publisher(s)

Author (1891)
Sahithya Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham (from 1973)
D. C. Books (from 1992)
Kerala Sahithya Academy (1999)

Published in other languages

Kamalalaya Book Depot (Tamil - 1934, 1954)
Kamalalaya Book Depot (English - 1936)
Kerala Hindi Prachara Sabha (Hindi - 1990)
Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (English - 1998)
Sterling Paperbacks (English - 1979, 1984)
Sahitya Akademi, Chennai (Tamil - 2007)

Story timeline

1727-1732

Edition(s)

First edition (1891 ed. only)
Revised edition (1911 onwards)

Media type

Print (Paperback)

Chapter count

26

Book in series

Book One

Followed by

Dharmaraja, Ramarajabahadur

Marthandavarma (IPA: [mɑːṟt̪t̪ɑːɳɖaʋaṟmma]; Malayalam: മാർ‍ത്താണ്ഡവർ‍മ്മ, Māṟttāṇḍavaṟmma) is the first novel by C.V. Raman Pillai published in 1891. It is presented as a historical romance[1][2] recounting the history of Venad (Travancore) during the final period of Rajah Rama Varma’s reign and subsequently to the accession of Marthanda Varma. The action of story takes place in Kollavarsham 901-906 (Gregorian calendar: 1727-1732). The story revolves around the main protagonists, Ananthapadmanabhan, Subhadra, Mangoikkal Kurrup who are trying to secure the title character from the plans of Padmanabhan Thampi & Ettu Veetil Pillamar to oust him from the throne of Travancore.

This novel initiated the historical romance genre[2] in Malayalam literature by being the first[3][4] historical novel and the third[3] novel published in Malayalam language. The story of Travancore was continued in Dharmaraja and Ramarajabahadur. These three novels are together known as Siviyuṭe Caritrākhyāyikakaḷ (Malayalam: സിവിയുടെ ചരിത്രാഖ്യായികകൾ).

Marthandavarma is often considered as a classic[5] blend[3] of historical fiction and Romance in Malayalam literature.

TitleEdit

The title of the novel is a single word Marthandavarma[6] (മാർ‍ത്താണ്ഡവർ‍മ്മ). There is no space between the words Marthanda and Varma unlike the translated name of historical character Marthanda Varma[1][4], the Maharaja of Travancore.

The authorship credit is C. V. Ramanpilla (സി. വി. രാമൻപിള്ള)[6] in Malayalam literals where as its English counterpart is C. V. Raman Pillai.

Characters Edit

  • Marthanda Varma
  • Ananthapadmanabhan / Brandan Chanan / Shamsudeen
  • Subhadra / Chembakam Akka
  • Shri Rayi Padmanabhan Thampi / Pappu Thampi
  • Parvathi Amma / Parvathi Pilla / Parukutty / Thankam
  • Shri Raman Thampi
  • Mangoyikkal Kuruppu / Iraviperuman Kandan Kumaran Kuruppu
  • Parameswaran Pilla
  • Velukuruppu
  • Sundrayyan
  • Thirumukhathu Pilla
  • Chulliyil Chatachi Marthandan Pilla
  • Anantham
  • Kodanki
  • Kaalakutty
  • Sivakami
  • Abhirama
  • Kudaman Pilla
  • Ramanam Madathil Pilla
  • Kazhakoottathu Pilla
  • Chembazhanthi Pilla
  • Marthandan Thirumadathil Pilla
  • Venganoor Pilla
  • Pallichal Pilla
  • Thevan Vikraman Pilla
  • Shanku Ashan
  • Karthiyani Amma / Karthiyani Pilla
  • Chembakasserry Mootha Pilla
  • Beeram Khan
  • Fathima
  • Sulaikha
  • Nuradeen
  • Hakim
  • Usman Khan
  • Kochu Velu Thampi
  • Krishna Kuruppu
  • Narayanan
  • Komaran
  • Kochannan
  • Kittan
  • Karthika Thirunnal Ramavarma
  • Raja Rama Varma
  • Arumukham Pilla (Dalawa)
  • Ramayyan (Rayasakkaran)
  • Shankunni Menon (Diwan)
  • Iravikutty Pilla
  • Marthandan Pilla (Karyakkar)
  • Ramayyan (Dalawa)
  • Ayyappan (Dalawa)
  • Marthandan Pilla (Dalawa)
  • Shankarachar
  • Pappu
  • Kutti Pilla
  • Pappanachar
  • Chatayan Pilla
  • Ooli Nayar
  • Parappan Nayar
  • Ozhukkan
  • Koppilan
  • Podiyan
  • Nandan
  • Rakithan
  • Ponnan
  • Poothaththaan

Chapter SummaryEdit

Chapter 1 : First chapter opens in Pancahvankadu where a young man (Ananthapadmanabhan) is found to be lying down with wounds and blood all over body. He tries to utter something and falls unconscious. Later two merchants (Beeram Khan and Hakim) with servants came along that way and takes away the young man.

AdaptationsEdit

Film

  • 1933: Marthanda Varma (film) – a silent black & white film directed by P. V Rao
  • 1997: Kulam (film) - a loose adaptation directed by Lenin Rajendran

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pillai, C.V. Raman; Menon, B.K (1936) (in English). MARTHANDA VARMA (First ed.). Trivandrum: Kamalalaya Book Depot. "A Historical Romance"
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nair, E.S.Guptan (1992). "Foreward". C.V.Raman Pillai (First ed.). New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 7201-273-X.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Novel and Short Story to the Present Day History of Malayalam Literature, Thiruvananthapuram: TDIL RCILTS-MALAYALAM.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Pillai, C.V. Raman; Devi, R. Leela (1979) (in English). MARTHANDA VARMA (1984 ed.). New Delhi: Sterling Paperbacks. "A Historical Novel"
  5. Malayalam Literature, Indian Literature: Indianetzone.com 2009.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Pillai, C.V. Raman (1891) (in Malayalam). Marthandavarma (1991 ed.). Kottayam: Sahitya Pravartaka Co-operative Society Ltd. p. 2.

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